Literature Exam Revision Help – Lord of the Flies

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Attached below are some guides to help you revise for the Literature exam – this applies to those who have studied Lord of the Flies.

LA Revision LOF

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Lord of the Flies – Chapter Summaries

Chapter 1

  • In the midst of a raging war, a plane evacuating a group of schoolboys from Britain is shot down over a deserted tropical island.
  • Ralph and Piggy find a conch shell on the beach, and Piggy realizes it could be used as a horn to summon the other boys. Once assembled, the boys elect Ralph as their leader and start to devise a way to be rescued. Ralph chooses Jack to be in charge of the boys who will hunt food for the entire group.
  • Ralph, Jack, and Simon set off to explore the island.

Chapter 2

  • When they return, Ralph orders them to light a signal fire to attract the attention of passing ships.
  • The boys manage to ignite some dead wood by focusing sunlight through the lenses of Piggy’s eyeglasses. However, the boys start to play rather than monitor the fire, and the flames quickly engulf the forest.
  • One of the youngest boys in the group disappears, presumably having burned to death.

Chapter 3

  • Ralph complains that they should be maintaining the signal fire and building huts for shelter. He and Simon work on the huts, the other boys play in the lagoon.
  • The hunters fail in their attempt to catch a wild pig.
  • Simons wanders into the jungle alone and helps some ‘littluns’. He enjoys the beautiful surroundings.

Chapter 4

  • Jack, becomes increasingly preoccupied with the act of hunting.
  • When a ship passes by on the horizon one day, Ralph and Piggy notice, to their horror, that the signal fire—which had been the hunters’ responsibility to maintain—has burned out. Furious, Ralph confronts Jack, but Jack has just returned with his first kill, and all the hunters seem gripped with a strange frenzy, reenacting the chase in a kind of wild dance.
  • Piggy criticizes Jack, who hits Piggy across the face. Ralph blows the conch shell and reprimands the boys in a speech intended to restore order.

Chapter 5

  • At the meeting, some of the boys have started to become afraid. The littlest boys, known as “littluns,” have been troubled by nightmares from the beginning, and more and more boys now believe that there is some sort of beast or monster lurking on the island.
  • The older boys try to convince the others at the meeting to think rationally, asking where such a monster could possibly hide during the daytime. One of the littluns suggests that it hides in the sea—a proposition that terrifies the entire group.

Chapter 6

  • Not long after the meeting, some military planes engage in a battle high above the island. The boys, asleep below, do not notice the flashing lights and explosions in the clouds. A parachutist drifts to earth on the signal-fire mountain, dead. Sam and Eric, the twins responsible for watching the fire at night, are asleep and do not see the parachutist land.
  • When the twins wake up, they see the enormous silhouette of his parachute and hear the strange flapping noises it makes. Thinking the island beast is there, they rush back to the camp in terror and report that the beast has attacked them.

Chapter 7

  • The boys organize a hunting expedition to search for the monster. Jack and Ralph, who are increasingly at odds, travel up the mountain. They see the silhouette of the parachute from a distance and think that it looks like a huge, deformed ape.

Chapter 8

  • The group holds a meeting at which Jack and Ralph tell the others of the sighting. Jack says that Ralph is a coward and that he should be removed from office, but the other boys refuse to vote Ralph out of power.
  • Jack angrily runs away down the beach, calling all the hunters to join him. Ralph rallies the remaining boys to build a new signal fire, this time on the beach rather than on the mountain. They obey, but before they have finished the task, most of them have slipped away to join Jack.
  • Jack declares himself the leader of the new tribe of hunters and organizes a hunt and a violent, ritual slaughter of a pig to solemnize the occasion. The hunters then decapitate the pig and place its head on a sharpened stake in the jungle as an offering to the beast. Later, encountering the bloody, fly-covered head, Simon has a terrible vision, during which it seems to him that the head is speaking. The voice, which he imagines as belonging to the Lord of the Flies, says that Simon will never escape him, for he exists within all men. Simon faints.

Chapter 9

  • When he wakes up, he goes to the mountain, where he sees the dead parachutist. Understanding then that the beast does not exist externally but rather within each individual boy, Simon travels to the beach to tell the others what he has seen. But the others are in the midst of a chaotic revelry—even Ralph and Piggy have joined Jack’s feast—and when they see Simon’s shadowy figure emerge from the jungle, they fall upon him and kill him with their bare hands and teeth.

Chapter 10

  • The following morning, Ralph and Piggy discuss what they have done. Jack’s hunters attack them and their few followers and steal Piggy’s glasses in the process.

Chapter 11

  • Ralph’s group travels to Jack’s stronghold in an attempt to make Jack see reason, but Jack orders Sam and Eric tied up and fights with Ralph. In the ensuing battle, one boy, Roger, rolls a boulder down the mountain, killing Piggy and shattering the conch shell. Ralph barely manages to escape a torrent of spears.

Chapter 12

  • Ralph hides for the rest of the night and the following day, while the others hunt him like an animal. Jack has the other boys ignite the forest in order to smoke Ralph out of his hiding place. Ralph stays in the forest, where he discovers and destroys the sow’s head, but eventually, he is forced out onto the beach, where he knows the other boys will soon arrive to kill him.
  • Ralph collapses in exhaustion, but when he looks up, he sees a British naval officer standing over him. The officer’s ship noticed the fire raging in the jungle. The other boys reach the beach and stop in their tracks at the sight of the officer.
  • Amazed at the spectacle of this group of bloodthirsty, savage children, the officer asks Ralph to explain. Ralph is overwhelmed by the knowledge that he is safe but, thinking about what has happened on the island, he begins to weep. The other boys begin to sob as well. The officer turns his back so that the boys may regain their composure.

Adapted from Sparknotes.com

Lord of the Flies Articles

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An interesting article published on independent.co.uk discusses the themes of brutality explored in Lord of the Flies and looks at real-life examples of survival and disaster. The article is written by two authors who have researched and written a book called No Mercy: True Stories of Disaster, Survival and Brutality.

Here is an extract:

For our book No Mercy, we spent five years researching how accurately Golding’s novel reflects the behaviour of real-life groups of disaster survivors stranded in isolated corners of the globe, asking: did Golding get it right?

It turns out he did.

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I also found another article on William Golding, the author of Lord of the Flies on telegraph.co.uk. The title of the article is ‘William Golding: A frighteningly honest writer’. In it, author Nigel Williams writes about his memories of working with Golding.

Here is an extract:

“What the book was supposed to be,” he said, as we wandered out into his beautifully kept garden, “was a sort of critical look at our history.” He didn’t suggest his book mirrored actual events in the way in which, say, the events in Animal Farm are clearly meant to parallel the banishment of Trotsky or the Stalin show trials, but he did make it clear that the intention of the book was to look at the whole history of government in one island.